I define innovation as an “organization’s ability to adapt and evolve repeatedly and rapidly to stay one step ahead of the competition.” A culture of innovation, when done right, gives you a competitive edge because it makes you more nimble with an increased ability to sense and respond to change.
A culture of innovation has less to do specifically with new products, new processes, or new ideas. There are of course discrete innovations such as the iPhone or a battery that is powered by viruses (MIT has developed this). These are valuable and necessary in order to create a culture of innovation.
But a culture of innovation is more than new ideas. It needs to be repeatable, predictable, and sustainable. This only happens when you treat innovation like you treat all other capabilities in your business. This means having, amongst other things, a defined process.
An organization’s innovation process must achieve three things. It must:
- focus on the “right” challenges
- find appropriate solutions to those challenges, and
- implement the best solutions.
These translate into three “portfolios” an organization must create:
- A portfolio of challenges
- A portfolio of solutions
- A portfolio of projects
Let’s take each one at a time.
A Portfolio of Challenges
All companies have challenges. They can be technical challenges on how to create a particular chemical compound. They can be marketing challenges on how to best describe your product to increase market share. They can be HR challenges around improving employee engagement.
An organization’s ability to change (i.e., innovate) hinges on its ability to identify and solve challenges. Challenges are sometimes referred to as problems, issues, or opportunities. But at the end of the day, they are all just various forms of challenges. I will use these terms interchangeably here.
Where do you find these challenges? You can find them anywhere – from customers, employees, shareholders, consultants, vendors, competitors, and the list goes on.
Let’s face it, companies have no shortage of challenges.
And guess what, some of the most important challenges to solve are hidden due to organizational blind spots and assumption-making.
The “meta-challenge” for all organizations is to find which challenges, if solved and implemented, will create the greatest value. Given that organizations have limited resources and money, prioritization is critical.
My favorite quote (used many times in this blog) comes from Albert Einstein – “If I had an hour to save the world, I would spend 59 minutes defining the problem and one minute finding solutions.” Most companies spend 60 minutes of their time finding solutions to problems that just don’t matter.
Therefore, the first step in creating a culture of innovation is to surface, identify, and codify challenges. And then you must become masterful at valuing, prioritizing, and framing these challenges.
Think of your innovation portfolio much like you would handle a financial investment portfolio. You want some safe bets (incremental innovation) and some riskier investments (radical innovation). You also want a variety of innovations ranging from technical challenges to marketing challenges, and service challanges to performance improvement challenges.
Once you have the right challenges to solve, the next step is to find solutions.
A Portfolio of Solutions
Every challenge has multiple potential solutions. And there are multiple ways in which to find these solutions.
Some challenges are solved in the moment by the person who thinks them up. Most challenges in fact are solved this way. These challenges tend to be “unarticulated” in that they are not presented to the organization as a problem to solve.
Other challenges are more complex and require specialized expertise. You need to find the right person(s) with the right knowledge.
Others require less technical expertise and are solved through creative thinking.
For each challenge, you need to first determine which mechanism would best yield a viable solution. Approaches include, but are not limited to…
- Internal Individual/Team: This is the most common way challenges are typically solved. This is when you use internal resources whose job is to solve these types of challenges. For example, this would be the development team members assigned to a particular product. They are paid to solve their product development challenges. Brainstorming is often the tool of choice.
- Internal Crowdsourcing: Sometimes the best solutions are found by people who typically do not work on this problem. It might be a customer service representative finding a great new branding idea. Or maybe it is tapping into R&D people who are in different parts of the organization. Sometimes this can be achieved through company-wide competitions. Read my article on how reality TV show type competitions can be used to stimulate creativity.
- Outsourced (External Single Source): Some challenges can be solved (and potentially implemented) by a third party who takes ownership for delivering the result. Typically, outsource partners are found through some type of RFP process. eLance.com is a well-known example of a platform that matches specific challenges with bidders who are able to solve specific types of problems.
- External Crowdsourcing: Some challenges are best solved by a diverse group of external solvers who can independently work on a solution to your problem. In some circles, this is referred to as Open Innovation. InnoCentive and 99Designs.com are two good examples of this. A challenge is posted and solutions are provided by a wide variety of solvers.
These are only a few of the many approaches. If one technique (e.g., internal team) does not yield a workable solution), try a different approach (e.g., external crowdsourcing).
Regardless of which technique(s) you use, the result will be a portfolio of solutions for the given challenge. Depending on the technique you use, you may end up with a low signal to noise ratio. This is the ratio of a signal (what you want – that is, good ideas) to the noise (what you don’t want – the duds). Your success is often based on your ability to separate the wheat from the chaff.
The next step is to strengthen and select the best ideas, combining them into a comprehensive solution. If you find a solution that works, the next step is to implement.
A Portfolio of Projects
The final attribute of a culture of innovation is the ability to take all of the selected solutions and turn them into programs/projects so that they can be converted from ideas into rea
Elsewhere on my blog, I discuss many different ways of making this happen. Some of them include “Build It, Try It, Fix It” – an iterative development process where you learn by doing rather than analyzing. Other more “waterfall” type development approaches are more linear and rely heavily on analysis and testing (analyze, design, build, test, deploy).
Regardless of how you implement, without this step, you end up with lots of ideas on the cutting room floor, none of which create value.
During implementation, it is critical that you keep track of the value proposition for each project, having the courage to change direction, or, in some cases, killing ideas altogether.
A culture based on surfacing, solving, and implementing valuable challenges can make innovation repeatable and predictable. This requires more than just a process, it requires an entire innovation capability [read my perspectives on the innovation capability].
My mantra is, “When the pace of change outside your organization is faster than the pace within, you will be out of business.” And as we all know, today’s pace of change is crazier than ever. A culture of innovation, when done right, can give you a leg up in a highly evolving marketplace.
P.S. There are many different “techniques” that can be used at each stage of the process. Communities, social networks, customer-feedback systems, etc. These will be addressed more fully in future articles.
Stephen Shapiro is the author of three books, a popular innovation speaker, and is the Chief Innovation Evangelist for Innocentive, the leader in Open Innovation.